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Guide to mortgages

Whether you’re a first time buyer, are moving home and need a new mortgage or you're staying in your property and you are remortgaging, the guide below is designed to help you. We'll give you information on:

1. Mortgage types (repayment or interest only).
2. Interest rates (there’s lots).  
3. What APRC is.  
4. Repayment period.

YOUR PROPERTY MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE.

Our initial mortgage consultation is free. We will charge a fee between £399 and £999 that is payable on application. The amount we will charge is dependent on the amount of research and administration required. We reserve the right to charge a subsequent fee of £99 for each further application that may be required.

What type of mortgage?

If you are buying / staying in the house you live, in then you can choose from two types of mortgages:

Repayment mortgage

With a repayment mortgage, you pay part interest and part capital repayment to the lender each month and in this way the capital debt outstanding is reduced until the loan is repaid at the end of the term, providing all your repayments are made in full and on time.

Interest-only mortgage

With an interest-only mortgage, you make no capital repayments to the lender until the end of the term. Instead payments may be made into an investment designed to repay the loan at the end of the mortgage term. With this type of mortgage there is a risk that the value of the investment may not be enough to repay the debt. During the mortgage term, you pay only interest to the lender on the outstanding balance. 

 

Please note that Reeds Rains Ltd does not provide investment advice, and should you require such advice, we recommend that you contact an Independent Financial Adviser. Neither Reeds Rains nor First Complete Ltd are responsible for any advice you receive from a third party.

Some lenders are able to offer a combination of repayment and interest-only, which may be more suited to your individual circumstances.

If you are buying your property to rent out, then you will need a buy to let mortgage.

What interest rate?

Once you have decided whether you want a repayment or interest only mortgage, you need to decide the type of interest rate that is right for you. These include standard variable, tracker, fixed, discount, flexible, offset and cashback.

Standard variable rate

With this type of mortgage your payments will go up or down when the lender's mortgage rate changes. Most standard variable rates tend to move in line with the Bank of England base rate, but there is sometimes a delay and there is no guarantee that the lender will pass on the full effect of the increase or decrease. When the interest rate goes up, the amount you have pay also rises, and it falls when interest rates comes down.

A "tracker"

This is a variable rate where the interest rate is a set amount above, below or equal to the Bank of England or some other base rate and so always "tracks" changes in that rate. If you're on an introductory tracker rate, your mortgage will usually go onto a standard variable rate or another tracker rate at the end of the initial term.

Fixed rate

The mortgage interest rate is fixed for a specified number of years, so you know what your interest payments will be over that period. Following this period, the rate will usually revert to the lender's standard variable rate.

Discounted rate

A discounted rate gives you a set 'discount' off the lender's standard variable rate (SVR) for a specified period. For instance, if the discount was 1%, you will be charged 1% below the SVR for the period of the discount. When your discount mortgage deal comes to an end, your lender will typically transfer you automatically onto their standard variable rate.

Flexible mortgages

These give various benefits which usually include the ability to vary monthly payments in line with your changing circumstances. They may also allow you to take "payment holidays" and to borrow back any overpayment you have made. Because of their flexible nature and the variety of schemes available it is not possible to give a full description here, but your mortgage adviser will provide more detail if you are interested in this type of loan.

Offset mortgage

This is a flexible mortgage linked to your savings / current account. With this type of mortgage, you are only charged interest on the net amount you owe the lender, after offsetting any savings or current account balances against the amount of your mortgage.

Cashback

Some loans offer a lump sum which is paid out following completion, with a mortgage charged at the lender's standard variable rate. Smaller cashbacks may be offered with reduced rates and other incentives as a combination package. When the initial mortgage deal comes to an end, your mortgage will usually go onto the lender's standard variable rate.

Please note that some mortgage schemes may have arrangement fees when they are set up, and have early repayment charges if they are redeemed, either partially or fully, within a specified period of time.

What is APRC?

All lenders have to quote an Annual Percentage Rate of Charge (APRC) in addition to their standard interest rate. This is to help you compare different schemes. The APRC is the total cost of the credit to the consumer, expressed as an annual percentage of the total amount of credit. 

Repayment periods

Most mortgages are for 25 years. However, some lenders will allow mortgages of up to 30 years or may ask you to have a shorter term, for example 20 years. The mortgage length may affect your monthly mortgage repayments.

Take a look at our repayment calculator to see how much a mortgage could cost you, depending on how much the house you are wanting to buy is, the deposit you have available, the interest rate and repayment length.

YOUR PROPERTY MAY BE REPOSSESSED IF YOU DO NOT KEEP UP REPAYMENTS ON YOUR MORTGAGE.

Our initial mortgage consultation is free. We will charge a fee between £399 and £999 that is payable on application. The amount we will charge is dependent on the amount of research and administration required. We reserve the right to charge a subsequent fee of £99 for each further application that may be required.

Repayment Calculator

This information is a guide only and should not be relied on as a recommendation or advice that any particular mortgage is suitable for you. All mortgages are subject to the applicant(s) meeting the eligibility criteria of lenders. Make an appointment to receive mortgage advice suitable for your needs and circumstances. 

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